Gender- Based Violence
What is Gender-based Violence?
“Gender-based violence (GBV) is violence that is directed at an individual based on his or her biological sex OR gender identity. It includes physical, sexual, verbal, emotional, and psychological abuse, threats, coercion, and economic or educational deprivation, whether occurring in public or private life.” Women for Women International
One characteristic of gender-based violence is that it knows no social or economic boundaries and affects women and girls of all socio-economic backgrounds. Studies also suggest that around half of transgender people and bisexual women will experience sexual violence at some point in their lifetimes. Some sexual assault and harassment may be directed at individuals as a hate crime specifically because of their identities, other times, abusers may use the victim’s identity, status of being “out” or traditional gender norms as a way to maintain power and control.
GBV primarily manifests through:
Intimate Partner Violence (IPV)
1 in 3 women worldwide have experienced physical or sexual violence, mostly intimate partner violence.
LGBTQIA and HIV-affected people of color made up the majority (51 percent) of IPV ( Intimate Partner Violence) survivors. Specifically, LGBTQIA Black/African American survivors were 1.89 times more likely to experience physical violence within IPV when compared to all non-black survivors.
Three quarters of the world’s countries have outlawed domestic violence but many countries have no such laws. Challenges remain in implementing these laws, limiting women and girls’ access to safety and justice. Not enough is done to prevent violence, and when it does occur, it often goes unpunished.
Sexual violence is any sexual act committed against the will of another person, either when this person does not give consent or cannot give consent because they are a child, has a mental disability or is severely intoxicated or unconscious due to alcohol or drugs. Source UN Women
- 15 million adolescent girls between the ages of 15-19 worldwide have experienced forced sex in their life. (UN Women)
- 1 out of 4 men have been sexually abused in their lifetime (CDC)
- 1 in 5 women is sexually assaulted in college
- 21% of TGQN (transgender, genderqueer, nonconforming) college students have been sexually assaulted
44 percent of lesbians and 61 percent of bisexual women experience rape, physical violence, or stalking by an intimate partner, compared to 35 percent of straight women
- 40 percent of gay men and 47 percent of bisexual men have experienced sexual violence other than rape, compared to 21 percent of straight men
More than 20 percent of black women are raped during their lifetimes — a higher share than among women overall. Institute for Women’s Policy Research
American Indians are twice as likely to experience a rape/sexual assault compared to all races.
Human trafficking is the exploitation of people through means, such as force, fraud, deception or coercion. UN Women
72% of all trafficking victims worldwide are girls and women. 4 out of 5 trafficked women are trafficked for sexual exploitation.
650 million girls alive today were married before their 18th birthday. UN Women
Female Genital Mutilation
FGM includes procedures that intentionally alter or cause injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons. UN Women.
200 million girls, the average age of 5 years old, in 30 countries have under gone FGM.
If you are in immediate danger, call 911.
For help and information anytime, contact:
National Domestic Violence Hotline
National Sexual Assault Hotline
- The StrongHearts Native Helpline for domestic/sexual violence is available 7am-10pm CT, confidential, and specifically for Native communities:1−844-762-8483
- The Trans LifeLine for peer support for trans folks 9am-3am CT:1-877-565-8860 This hotline is staffed exclusively by trans operators is the only crisis line with a policy against non-consensual active rescue.
- The Deaf Hotline is available 24/7 through video phone (1-855-812-1001), email and chat for Deaf, DeafBlind, DeafDisabled survivors.
- National Parent Helpline Monday -Friday 12pm-9am CT emotional support and advocacy for parents:1-855-2736
LGBT National Help Center
National Hotline (1-888-843-4564) or National Youth Talkline (1-800-246-7743)
Online Peer Support Chat (https://www.glbthotline.org/peer-chat.html) or Weekly Youth Chatrooms (https://www.glbthotline.org/youthchatrooms.html)